Air pollution and health

Brought to lớn you by the Sacramento lớn Metropolitan, El Dorabởi vì, Feather River, Placer & Yolo-Solano Air Districts


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Overall Health Effects


Even healthy people can experience health impacts from polluted air including respiratory irritation or breathing difficulties during exercise or outdoor activities.Your actual risk of adverse effects depends on your current health status, the pollutant type và concentration, and the length of your exposure to the polluted air.

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High air pollution levels can cause immediate health problems including: Aggravated cardiovascular & respiratory illnessAdded căng thẳng lớn heart and lungs, which must work harder khổng lồ supply the body toàn thân with oxygenDamaged cells in the respiratory system
Long-term exposure to lớn polluted air can have sầu permanent health effects such as:Accelerated aging of the lungsLoss of lung capacity and decreased lung functionDevelopment of diseases such as asthma, bronchitis, emphysema, & possibly cancerShortened life span
Those most susceptible to lớn severe health problems from air pollution are:Individuals with heart disease, coronary artery disease or congestive heart failureIndividuals with lung diseases such as asthma, emphysema or chronic obstructive sầu pulmonary disease (COPD)Pregnant womenOutdoor workersOlder adults và the elderlyChildren under age 14Athletes who exercise vigorously outdoors
People in these groups may experience health impacts at lower air pollution exposure levels, or their health effects may be of greater intensity.
Ground-cấp độ Ozone

Ground-cấp độ ozone is formed when volatile organic compounds (VOCs) và oxides of nitrogene (NOx) react with the sun"s ultraviolet rays. The primary source of VOCs and NOx is Mobile sources, including cars, trucks, buses, construction equipment và agricultural equipment.

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Ground-màn chơi ozone reaches its highest cấp độ during the afternoon and early evening hours. High levels occur most often during the summer months. It is a strong irritant that can cause constriction of the airways, forcing the respiratory system lớn work harder in order lớn provide oxygene.

It can also cause other health problems including:

Aggravated respiratory disease such as emphysema, bronchitis và asthmaLung damage, even after symptoms such as coughing or a sore throat disappearWheezing, chest pain, dry throat, headabịt or nauseaReduced resistance to lớn infectionsIncreased fatigueWeakened athletic performanceParticulate Matter (PM) & Wildfire Smoke

Particulate Matter is a complex mixture that may contain soot, smoke, metals, nitrates, sulfates, dust, water and tire rubber. It can be directly emitted, as in smoke from a fire, or it can form in the atmosphere from reactions of gases such as nitroren oxides.

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The form size of particles is directly linked to their potential for causing health problems. Small particles (known as PM2.5 or fine particulate matter) pose the greachạy thử problems because they bypass the body’s natural defenses and can get deep inlớn your lungs & potentially your bloodstream. Exposure to lớn such particles can affect both your lungs và your heart.

Long-term exposure to particulate pollution can result in significant health problems including:

Increased respiratory symptoms, such as irritation of the airways, coughing or difficulty breathingDecreased lung functionAggravated asthmaDevelopment of chronic respiratory disease in childrenDevelopment of chronic bronchitis or chronic obstructive sầu lung diseaseIrregular heartbeatNonfatal heart attacksPremature death in people with heart or lung disease, including death from lung cancerShort-term exposure to lớn particulate pollution can:

Aggravate lung disease causing asthma attacks & adễ thương bronchitisIncrease susceptibility to respiratory infectionsCause heart attacks and arrhythmias in people with heart disease

Even if you are healthy, you may experience temporary symptoms, such as:Irritation of the eyes, nose & throatCoughingChest tightnessShortness of breathBackto lớn Top