Tort là gì

What Is Tort Law?

Tort law is the area of the law that covers most civil suits. Generally, every clayên ổn that arises in civil court, with the exception of contractual disputes, falls under tort law. The concept of this area of law is khổng lồ redress a wrong done khổng lồ a person và provide relief from the wrongful acts of others, usually by awarding monetary damages as compensation. The original intent of tort is lớn provide full compensation for proved harms.quý khách hàng đã xem: Tort là gì

Tort law is that branch of the law that đơn hàng with civil law, including law suits but excluding issues involving contracts.Tort law is considered to lớn be a size of restorative justice since it seeks khổng lồ remedy losses or injury with monetary compensation.In general tort law falls inkhổng lồ three categories: those complaints dealing with negligence; intentional harm; và unintentional but non-negligent acts known as strict liability.

Understanding Tort Law

Tort law requires those who are found lớn be at fault for harming others to lớn compensate the victims. Typical harms include the loss of past or future income, payment of medical expenses, payment for pain & suffering, và may also include additional punitive damages that are meant lớn punish the plaintiff in excess of full compensation.

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Tort law can be split inkhổng lồ three categories: negligent torts, intentional torts, and strict liability torts. Negligent torts encompass harm done to lớn people generally through the failure of another to exercise a certain level of care, usually defined as a reasonable standard of care. Accidents are a standard example of negligent torts. Intentional torts, on the other h&, refer khổng lồ harms done to people intentionally by the willful misconduct of another, such as assault, fraud, & theft.

Strict liability torts, unlike negligence and intentional torts, are not concerned with the culpability of the person doing the harm. Instead, strict liability focuses on the act itself. If someone or some entity commits a certain act - for example, producing a defective sản phẩm - then that person or company is responsible for the damages from that act, regardless of the màn chơi of care exercised or their intentions.

Examples of Tort Law

According to lớn liability tort law, drivers can seek compensation from a manufacturer for a faulty part of a oto, usually an airbag or a tire. However, this liability tort now extends to self-driving cars, & Google can be found liable for the damages.

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Amy Williams filed a negligence lawsuit against Quest Diagnostics and its subsidiary Athena Diagnostics for the wrongful death of her son, Christian Millare. In 2007, Athemãng cầu Diagnostics misclassified a mutation in Millare's ren, which directly resulted in seizure and death in 2008. On June 27, năm 2016, Quest Diagnostics filed a motion to dismiss the case under the statute of limitations for medical malpractice claims.

An example of an intentional tort is the ruling between Gawker và Hulk Hogan on March 18, năm 2016. Hogan was awarded $140 million due to lớn intentional tort law since it was deemed that Gawker intentionally invaded his privacy lớn obtain Clip evidence of a private act.

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Tort Reform

Tort rekhung in the U.S. has especially focused on lawsuits related to lớn medical claims & healthcare costs, including the unnecessary use of costly medical tests và the high price of drugs due khổng lồ patents.


Chuyên mục: Công Nghệ